Canine DNA Profiling and Parentage Analysis
DNA Profiling, also known as "DNA fingerprinting" or "genotyping" establishes a genetic code for individual dogs of every breed. This test does not determine breed type, rather, it identifies specific gene markers that are inherited from both parents.
Animal Genetics currently offers the ISAG (International Society for Animal Genetics) standard panel, which consists of 18 STR markers. This panel identifies highly polymorphic markers to determine the most informative genetic code for any dog. The DNA profile of a dog consists of two alleles for each marker, one that was inherited from the mother, and one that was inherited from the father.
Canine DNA profiling is a useful tool to accurately identify your dog, particularly in case a dog is stolen, or to prove parentage.
Important!: DNA Profiling DOES NOT determine the breed of a dog.
DNA Profiling is an efficient and extremely accurate way of proving parentage as well. In cases where the sire of a litter is uncertain, the DNA profiles of the mother, father, and offspring can be compared. Any alleles that are present in the offspring that did not come from either parent can exclude the parent/offspring relationship. In order to determine parentage, samples from the mother and all suspected sires are required to be submitted with the offspring samples.
Example of report: "Canine Parentage Report"
Standard Canine Marker panel:
Animal Genetics follows the standards set by the International Society of Animal Genetics (ISAG) and leading labs including The University of California Davis (U.C. Davis). All our profiles use a multi-plex genetic STR marker panel, consisting of 18 Loci: AHT121, AHT137, AHTh171, AHTh260, AHTk211, AHTk253, C22-279, FH20545, FH2848, INRA21, INU005, INU030, INU055, REN162C04, REN169D01, REN169O18, REN247M23, CAN-AMEL creating reliable results that are accepted throughout the world.
Animal Genetics accepts buccal swab, blood, and dewclaw sample submissions. Collection kits are available and can be ordered through our office or online. Blood and dewclaw samples are required to be submitted for dogs younger than six weeks and for dogs nursing puppies younger than six weeks.
Results are given using symbolic as well as numeric notation. All results are available by email.